Churaumi Aquarium is a popular tourist spot where you can see Whale sharks up close and personal.
Tamaudun is a World Heritage sites on Okinawa which was built in the 1500s by King Sho Shin as the royal mosoleum for the Ryukyu Kingdom. You can fool the ancient history of Ryukyu. It is easy to access from Naha-city, there are parking lots available.
- Phone number0988-85-2861
- Parkingparking lots for 120 cars available
- TagWorld Heritage sitesStone monumentRyukyu kingdomShuri
Tamaudun is located at Kinjo town Naha city. The site is located only a short walk from Shuri castle Shuri castle. It's a very popular tourist spot and worth to visit. The Tamaudun is a mausoleum which was built by King Sho Shin as the royal mosoleum to bury his father King Sho En. The 2nd Sho Dynasty and the family were burried in the mausoleum. The mausoleum was seriously damaged in the WWⅡ, but the last great grandchildren of King Sho Tai used his own funds on rebuilting the mausoleum. The restoration took 3 years to get done. Tamaudun is most ancient and biggest mausoleum in Okinawa which you can feel the spectacular atmosphere and know the Okinawan history.
Exhibition hall at the Houen kan (Ticket counter)
First, It's recommended to visit the exhibition hall at the Houen kan (Ticket counter) to get to know the information about Tamaudun. Here there are exhibiton of historical records, Zushigame(okinawan style urn),the look of the last King's son Sho Ten funeral. If there is a sing boar of "Volunteer guide ready" at the reception desk, you can get a free guide!
Once you enter the 1st gate, there is a stone looks like a grave. The stone is made of dolerite which escaped the attack of the WWⅡ. This is the 2nd oldest stone monument in Okinawa. Phoenix and arabesquea were written on the stone. The 9 King names were also wrintten on the with the word "If you disobey to this note, you will be cursed." The royal power struggle history is behinded on this word.
When you enter the 2nd gate, the spectacular mosoleum is spread in front. The mosoleum is 2.442㎡ in area, which the garden at the Shuri castle is set in size. The coral sand is spread all over the mosoleum is from Kudaka island as known as "the God's island" and has a meaning to drive the evil spirits. The grave was modeled after a shringle roof palace which was made of Ryukyu lime stone. The mosoleum is separated in 3 areas, The middle room was a place where to wash the bones and enshrine the dead body till it turned into a skeleton. Then, they put the bone into urn and placed in a mosoleum. The King and princess are sleeping east room, the righ toom is for the rest of the family.
A little tidbits of Tamaudun
The history og Ryukyu Kingdom is necessary when you talk about Tamaudun. King Sho Hashi ruled Ryukyu Kingdom in 1429. In 1470, Kanamaru who was born on Izena island as a son of farmer, stage a coup. He gave himself the name "Sho En" and made Ryukyu Kingdom prosper. The second Sho Royal family is stared. After the death of King Sho En, his brother King Sho Seni inherited the throne. However, his power lasted only for 6 mounths. After that, King Sho Shin (the son of King Shoen) who was only 12 years old inherited the throne. His mother, Ogyaka used her power to make her son to be the King.
There is no King Sho Seni name written on the Tamaudun monument. Although there is no name for King Sho Shin children's names. King Sho Shin took a wife who was a dauter of King Sho Seni. Although the 9 Kings who has a name on the Tamaudun monument were all to be descended from Ogiyaka. She didn't accept to have a Sho seni family's name on the Tamaudun. However, there is no Ogiyaka name on the monument and there is no urn of Ogiyaka was found in the mosoleum, This is called the mistery of Ryukyu Kingdom.
There is a worship place a littele further from Houen kan (Ticket counter) where no one coudln't enter in old days. At the front of the first gate is a stone wall and you can see the entrance of the gate from Houen kan. The reason why the two gates are not facing straigh each other is because Okinawan people believed that evils spirits can only go in straight lines and they cannot turn. So the bad spirits tend to gether at the intersection. So you can see Ishigantou(stone tablets) to ptotect homes close to intersection from the evil spirits.
The 2nd gate is 5feet hight, the hight is the average height during the Ryukyu Kingdom era. Once you enter the gate and see the white spots at on the east room and West room of the Tamaudun are the damage from WWⅡ and repaired from Ryukyu limestone. The middle room got damage from the shell, are covered with plaster. You can distinguish the repaired parts from its color.
There are three Shisa on the to of the Tamaudun roof. They are the special Shisa which are standing. Three of them are facing to the gate and protect the grave from bad spirits. The Shisa on the Tamaudun brochure is on the right side. There is another shisa on the handrail and the Shisa one at the east side(where the King is sleeping) is facing to the entrance.This means the shisa is protecting the King. Under the handrail panel, there are lion,dragon,lotus,phoenix and bat are drew on the panel. There were 33 panels but 14 of them survibed the war attack.
The last bury to Tamaudun was in 1934 King Sho Ten wife. The children of them are in Tokyo and come visit to pray for the ancesters several times a year. This is not a parivate property but Naha-city owns, At the Tamaudun there is an announce of Tamaudun history information. Enjoy the atmosphere of the hisrotical important site of Okinawa and Ryukyu.
Postcode: 903-0815 1-3 Kinjo town Shuri Naha-city Okinawa
It takes about 30-40 minutes from Naha-airport by a car
It takes about 15 minutes from Shuri station by walking
It takes about 2 minutes from Shurijo-mae bus stop by walking
Open year around
General (less than 20 people)
Group (More than 20 people)
※By showing the monorail 1day pass, 2days pass 20%off
How to pay
Reservation is not available
Prefectorial parking lots for 120 cars available
The handicapped driver or driver with handicapped person is free to park
You are not allowed to smoke in non-smoking area
There is no shops and sunshade area, It's recommended to bring Sunscrean,Sunshade,Towel, and water.
A little advise from Churashima travel
|A brief comment||
Tamaudun is located close to Shurijo castle and easy to access from Naha-airport. The most ancient and biggest grave in Okinawa!
It's recommended to bring a sunshade or a hat during the summer time.
|What to bring||